The landscape of Kenya is distinctly divided into two halves; the eastern half slope gently to the coral-backed seashore, the western portion rises more abruptly through a series of hills and plateaus to the eastern Rift valley, know in Kenya the central Rift .West of the Rift is a westward-sloping plateau, the lowest part which is occupied by Lake Victoria. The highest point in the country is the snow-capped peak of Mount Kenya (5,199m), the second highest mountain in Africa and one of the largest freestanding mountains in the world with a base diameter of 200 K.M. The coastline extends some 536km from the Tanzania border in the southwest, to the Somali border in the northeast. The main rivers are the Athi/Galana and the Tana. The major lakes are: Lake Victoria, Turkana, Baringo, Naivasha, Magadi, Jipe, Bogoria, Nakuru and Elementeita.

Kenya is a range –land country and therefore displays great contrasts in topography and climate: snow-capped peaks give way to deserts, palm fringed beaches to rolling savannah plains, Alpine highlands to the lunar semi-deserts of the north east. Since the country straddles the equator, the climate remains stable all year. The days are sunny and hot, but the nights can be cool. Broadly speaking January to February is dry; March to May is wet, June to September is dry, October to December is wet. The cost is always hot (average daytime temperature 27-31 degrees centigrade).the average daytime temperature in Nairobi is 21-26 degrees centigrade, while the temperature elsewhere depends on altitude. July to August marks the Kenyan winter.

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